Arthroscopy. Nov;24(11) doi: / Epub Feb The spiral glenohumeral ligament: an open and arthroscopic. Emerg Radiol. Feb;24(1) doi: /s Epub Aug Inferior glenohumeral ligament (IGHL) complex: anatomy, injuries, . Runs laterally from the coracoid process to the humerus, covering the superior Glenohumeral Ligament and blending with the Superior Joint Capusle and.

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Multiple bursae are distributed thoughout the shoulder complex, however, the subacromial bursa is one of the largest bursae in the body. Carpal tunnel Ulnar canal. This space transmits the subscapular artery and axillary nerve. Coracoacromial Superior transverse scapular Inferior transverse of scapula Synovial: The Unity of Form and Function Seventh ed.

This usually signifies multiple tendon tear. Ligamentous Glenohumearles in different Arm Positions. Dissection image of coracohumeral ligament of glenohumeral joint in green.

Upward movemement of the humerus on the glenoid in the sagittal plane towards the rear of the body.

Glenohumeral ligaments

Static restraints glenohumeral ligaments below glenoid labrum below articular congruity and version negative intraarticular pressure if release head will sublux inferiorly Dynamic restraints rotator cuff muscles the primary biomechanical role of the rotator cuff is stabilizing the glenohumeral joint by compressing the humeral head against the glenoid rotator interval biceps long head periscapular muscles.

The shoulder joint ligamenhos a muscle-dependent joint as it lacks strong ligaments. Acromioclavicular Coracoclavicular trapezoid conoid. During rotation of the arm lateral rotation stretches all three ligaments while medial rotation relaxes them.

Distal radioulnar Palmar radioulnar Dorsal radioulnar Interosseous membrane of forearm. Anterior shoulder dislocation often is a result of a blow to the shoulder while the arm is in an abducted position. The movement of the scapula across the rib cage in relation to the humerus is known as the scapulohumeral rhythmand this helps to achieve a further range of movement.


The shoulder joint is a ball and socket joint between ligamenots scapula and the humerus. This ring is continuous with the tendon of the biceps brachii above. The glenohumeral GH joint is a glfnohumerales synovial ball-and-socket style diarthroidal joint that is responsible for connecting the upper extremity to the trunk.

However the socket of the glenoid cavity of the scapula is itself quite shallow and is made deeper by the addition of the glenoid labrum. This could be an imbalance in parts of the large trapezius muscles that hold the scapula in place. This page was last edited on 27 Novemberat In most cases Physiopedia articles are a secondary source and so should not be used as references.

Clinical Ligamentls for Medical Professionals. Anatomical terminology [ edit on Wikidata ]. By rotating the humerus laterally, this contact is delayed because the greater tubercle is pulled back so that the bicipital groove faces the coracoacromial ligament. Retrieved 2 December Abduction abduction requires external liamentos to clear the greater tuberosity from impinging on the acromion.

Coracoacromial Superior transverse scapular Inferior transverse of scapula Synovial: Wikipedia articles incorporating text from the 20th edition of Gray’s Anatomy Ligaments of the upper limb.

Shoulder joint – Wikipedia

It is one of four joints that comprise the shoulder complex. It consists of an anterior band, a posterior band, and an interposed axillary pouch. Prevents anterior translation of the humerus with the arm in 45 degrees of abduction.

Joints and ligaments of the arm. Distal radioulnar Palmar radioulnar Dorsal radioulnar Interosseous membrane of forearm. Extension is carried out by the latissimus dorsi and posterior fibres of the deltoid. However, additional capsular injury usually is necessary to allow anterior dislocation. During abduction of the arm the middle and inferior ligaments become taut while the superior ligament relaxes.


In older people, recurrent instability is rare but people often suffer rotator cuff tears. Movement of the humerus on the glenoid in a medial direction, usually accompanied with some degree of shoulder flexion.

Capsule Coracohumeral Glenohumeral superior, middle, and inferior Transverse humeral Glenoid labrum. Additionally, a brief description of clinical management of inferior glenohumeral ligament injuries is included. Capsule Coracohumeral Glenohumeral superior, middle, and inferior Transverse humeral Glenoid labrum.

Therefore, this component of the capsule is the most frequently injured structure. The left shoulder and acromioclavicular jointsand the proper ligaments of the scapula. Lateral rotation is carried out by the posterior fibres of the deltoid, infraspinatus and the teres minor. For arthroscopic visualization, 30 prospective arthroscopic clinical cases and 19 retrospective video clips of the patients who had gllenohumerales arthroscopic shoulder procedure with a normal subscapularis tendon, labrum, and anterior joint capsule were evaluated.

Glenohumeral ligaments Ligamenyos of glenohumeral joint Glenohumeral ligaments labelled Capsular ligament at centre. They are the suprascapular nervethe ligametnos nerve and the lateral pectoral nerve.

Original Editor – Tyler Shultz. An injury was most likely sustained to which of the following arteries labeled in Figure A? Please login to add comment.