If we explore the Swedish culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of Swedish culture relative to other world. If we explore French culture through the lens of the 6-D Model©, we can get a good overview of the deep drivers of France’s culture relative to other world. Please select a country in the dropdown menu below to see the values for the 6 dimensions. After a first country has been selected, a second and even a third.

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Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. The most cited critique is McSweeney.

Communities of practice across borders are significant for multinationals in order to hold the company together.

Dimension data matrix

Individualism The fundamental issue addressed by this dimension is the degree of interdependence a society maintains among its members. The cultural hofstdde represent independent preferences for one state of affairs over another that distinguish countries rather than individuals from each other.

Schedules are flexible, hard work is undertaken when necessary but not for its own sake, precision and punctuality do not come naturally, innovation is not seen as threatening.

He has received much recognition for his work in cross-cultural analysis. Cross-cultural strategies for successful business with the Chinese Negotiate Like a Local: Dimensions do not exist Geert likes to say that ‘dimensions do not exist’.

Geert Hofstede site CV work life theory 6 dimensions of culture Gert Jan

The original theory proposed four dimensions along which cultural values could be analyzed: A highly selective worldwide network of culture and management consultants with extensive professional experience and knowledge on how to implement culturally sensitive management practices.


Coelho found inverse correlations between rates of specific kinds of innovation in manufacturing companies and the percentage of large companies per country as well as the employment of a specific kind of manufacturing strategy. Culture’s Consequences in a value test of its own design. Power Distance is defined as the extent to which the less powerful members of institutions and organisations within a country expect and accept that power is distributed unequally.

Dimensions of national culture: This was the first hard piece of evidence that the differences among countries was not specific to IBM, but, instead, were due to a generalized set of shared culturu skills that were specific to people having hofshede up in the same country, and not necessarily, the same organization.

The Academy of Management Review, October33 4: And this is also valid for written communication as explained in William Wardrobe’s essay “Beyond Hofstede: Sweden scores 29 on this dimension and thus has a very low preference for avoiding uncertainty. Hofstede’s dimensions offer guidelines for defining culturally acceptable approaches to corporate organizations.

Hofstede’s cultural dimensions theory

To avoid this fallacy and resulting confusion Brewer and Venaik recommend avoiding the use of the Hofstede dimension scores in management research and training. His most notable work has been in developing cultural dimensions theory. We only find the same combination in Belgium and, to some degree, in Spain and northern Italy.

This characteristic has not been found hofsede any other country.

Future orientation places Mediterranean countries in a middle ranking, and they show a preference for indulgence values. Here he describes national cultures along six dimensions: It has inspired a number of other major cross-cultural studies of values, as well as research on other aspects of culture, such as social beliefs. Managers strive for consensus and people value equality, solidarity and quality in their working lives.


Hofstede’s work established a major research tradition in cross-cultural psychology and has also been drawn upon by researchers and consultants in many fields relating to international business and communication.

What makes us different and similar: He founded and bofstede the Personnel Research Department. For example, the cultural model of the Mediterranean countries is dominated by high levels of acceptance of inequalities, with uncertainty aversion influencing their choices. Restraint stands for a society that suppresses gratification of needs and regulates it by means of strict social norms. Read more Hofstede’s dimensions were not postulated but found inductively.

Country Comparison – Hofstede Insights

There is also a need for emotional safety valves as a high score on Uncertainty Avoidance and the combination of high Power Distance and high Individualism strengthen each other, so to speak. Views Read Edit View hofwtede. Within and across countries, individuals are also parts of organizations such as companies. This is clearly evident in the following: The application of this research is used worldwide in both academic and professional management settings.

Societies prioritize these two existential goals differently.