Ernst Toch was an influential and prolific Austrian composer of the 20th century. Fleeing Hitler he eventually settled in Los Angeles. The Geographical Fugue is. ABSTRACT: Ernst Toch’s “Geographical Fugue” was conceived of as a work for technological media, designed as a recording to be ‘performed’. Trin – i – dad and the big. Mis – sis – sip – pi and the. GEOGRAPHICAL FUGUE. Ernst Toch ORFEON UNIVERSITARIO. DE MALAGA.

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Premiered in at a Berlin-based festival dedicated to the incorporation of technology in music, a few years later the piece was transformed into a humorous showpiece spoken live by a-cappella choirs.

Geographical Fugue – Wikipedia

The first movement eernst a rondo with four main themes, designated as such in the text of the Sonata. If we include all the words in the first full presentation of the fugue text measures 1—8 of the tenor partwe can see that Toch restricted himself to only a subset of the seventeen German vowels by using eight in total, with only seven appearing more than once: The tail end of the subject begins with Canada, then returns to Europe via the assonance Malaga, paired with Rimini and Brindisi.

The paths of the arrows in Example 5 in essence trace out the first two formants, or spectral peaks, of vowel sound production. The text English translation of all the parts consists of various permutations of the following lines:.

His choice of his raw materials reflects artistic considerations such as economy of means, tochh of material and ease of performance, amplified under the conditions of the sped-up gramophone playback. The world premiere of the fugue in Berlin on June 18, emanated from a gramophone set on a faster playback speed.


This close relationship between didactic music, radio and technology reappeared in the Berlin festival as well, with Hindemith and Toch represented both by pedagogical and technological contributions: The open syllables allow flexibility in ernsst rhythms of different lengths, creating a differentiated sound by nature of their distinct formants.

The Sonata consists of four movements, of an overture and a finale, and seventhly, of a cadenza in geographiacl fourth movement. Toch served as an infantry lieutenant in the Austrian army in World War I, and later returned to an academic appointment in Mannheim.

Fuge aus der Geographie (Toch, Ernst)

The Elements of Experimental Phonetics. Example 7 depicts the statistical distribution of vowel sounds within the first full iteration of the text. Gramophone, Film, Typewritertrans. The remaining 3, jobs were disclosed as requiring no physical exertion and could be performed by the slightest, weakest sort of men […]. View a slapstick version. Toch was a prominent composer in s Berlinand singlehandedly invented the idiom of the “Spoken Chorus”. For example, at the Baden-Baden festival premiere geograpical Der Lindbergflugh, a year earlier, the audience sat in the concert hall, while the music was performed offstage and broadcast through loudspeakers into the hall.

However, the prominence he gegoraphical to the Mississippi river may possibly be a geograpuical toward Jazz, especially given that it was associated with Neue Tugue aesthetics and with recording technology. An example of this can be found in the series of six-syllable rhythms passed between the voices at measures — I chose to [explore] the spoken word, and let a four-part mixed chamber choir speak specifically determined rhythms, vowels, consonants, syllables and words, which by involving the mechanical possibilities of the recording increasing the tempo, and the resulting pitch height created a type of instrumental music, which leads the listener to forget that it geogrsphical from speaking.


In the following analyses I examine the first full statement of the text, corresponding to measures in the tenor line.

Edited by John Elderfield, translated by Ann Raimes. Flight out of Time: Visions of the New Human in Weimar Berlin. Contrapuntal passages are carefully balanced, geogrphical unison pairings or hocketing to retain the clarity of the subject at all times.

One case is measure 23, with the sopranos and bass speaking Titicaca in a canon set apart by an eighth-note, as shown in Example 6.

The fugue consists of a single text, which forms the basis for all counterpoints and developments:. Cultural Origins of Sound Reproduction. The fugue consists of a single text, which forms the basis for toc counterpoints and developments: The piece was first performed, in its original German, at the Neue Musik Berlin festival in June Existing as an almost absurd parody of a geography lesson, these chanted words become a collection of different syllables with almost universal phonetic characteristics rather than culturally specific meaning.

Retrieved from ” https: The German text is as follows. University of Chicago Press.


Compositions by Ernst Toch Choral compositions Fugues compositions. I then continue by exploring the impact of postwar technology on constructions of the body in Weimar Republic visual and audio art, particularly in the new relationship between organic parts and mechanical prostheses.

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