Lower elevations are generally forested by White Spruce and Subalpine Fir. A pattern apparent in many valleys is intermittent-to-closed forest cover of White. Mean annual. BOREAL CORDILLERA ECOZONE. The mountainous portion of this ecozone includes valleys filled with glacial till and glaciofluvial sediments. Cordillera/ Boreal_Cordillera_Ecozone_(CEC).

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Natural Regions | The Canadian Encyclopedia

Hunting and trapping are the main activities on land. The grove is part of the Mixed Forest region and includes both deciduous eg maple, on the left and coniferous centre, with the bear cub artwork by Claire Tremblay. Calcareous soils and bedrock along with the dry, cold climate can combine to create very harsh and desert -like cordillerq in some areas. Winters are cold and long.

This boreal plains region of Alberta is characterized by an abundance of black spruce photo by Cleve Wershler. This coastal plain on the southern end of Hudson Bay is covered with terrain commonly termed muskeg or marshes.

Typical species that tend to hug the margin of the permanent sea ice cover include polar bear, beluga whale, narwhal and seals bearded and harp. The tundra consists of sedge- and herb-covered cordjllera, ground-hugging shrubs and lichen-colonized rock fields. Cogdillera of its notoriety comes from the many naturally-occurring square-to-rectangular lakes that cover the vast expanse of flatlands. Winters are long and cold, with short daylight hours.

Recreation and tourism activities exist. The short-grass prairie in the south merges into mixed-grass and then tall-grass areas as the moisture patterns improve northwards.

Billions of black fliesmosquitoes vordillera wood ticks make their home in the forests and surrounding areas, often making life miserable for wild animals as well as humans. Almost one half of the ecozone is covered by productive forest land. This region boral well known for its forest, mining, hydroelectric generation and recreational resources, all cordillfra sectors within the Canadian economy. Upper elevations near treelines are dominated by deciduous shrubs, mainly scrub birch and willows.

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Crops such as canola have seen marked increases and now surpass wheat in the amount of area seeded. YellowknifeLabrador City and Churchill Falls are some of the communities. In the northwest corner of this ecozone, the mountainous terrain becomes more subdued and the valleys broaden.

There are major hydroelectric developments on the large rivers. The plains and hills are perched several hundred metres above the ocean surface.

Many of the soils remain wet and become waterlogged. Tree growth and timber volume are lower than in most of the other forest ecozones in Canada. Soils are formed mainly in the few narrow valley bottoms.

With a total population of 3 density 1. The annual growing season is up to 2, GDD in the southern valleys, 1,—1, GDD in the more prevalent mountainous regions. The Mackenzie River discharge is perhaps the only significant exception. Today, mammals of this ecozone include mule and white-tailed deer, coyote, pronghorn south-central portionbadger, whitetail jack rabbitRichardson’s ground squirrel, northern pocket gopher and the prairie dog.

The mountain systems are lower and more subdued than the Coast and southeastern mountains. Just below the icy peaks, the vegetation is alpine. Millions of birds use this ecozone in the summer as nesting and rearing habitats. The hills are the worn-down remains of an ancient mountain chain called the Appalachians.

Some mining has taken place.


Boreal cordillera

The undulating nature of the landscape often is the ecoaone of drumlin formations — a series of cigar-shaped mounds lined up in the direction of the movement of the glacial ice sheets. The ecozoe experiences long, cold winters and short, cool summers. Mosses and sedges become key species in wetland areas.

However, in localized areas like the Okanagan Valleythe precipitation can be well below mm where the local climate is hot and desert-like. The topography of the Lowlands is the result of weathering and erosion by rivers of the nearby flat-lying early sedimentary rock photo by Thomas Kitchin. Unfortunately, the desert-like areas are where many of the main communities e. The marine waters of the Arctic Archipelago ecozone include numerous channels, bays, straits, gulfs, sounds and fjords.

Precipitation ranges from 1, mm inland to 1, mm along the coast. The “rolling” parts of the plain are more closely associated with glacial moraines. Seasonal ice at the northern boundary in the Bering Sea and in the Sea of Okhotsk further alters the water column properties and influences biota. In this fragile alpine environment, vegetation changes as the altitude increases. Summers are warm to cool with long periods of daylight. The area consists mainly of uplands and hills — terrain features which dominate New Brunswick and Nova Scotia.

The terrain around Ramsey Lakes, Manitoba is typical of aspen parkland, depicting samphire along the rocky shore, fescue grassland and aspen woodland.