The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is a United Nations multilateral treaty whereby sovereign states agree to reduce the incidence of. On the occasion of its accession to the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness, adopted in New York on 30 August , the Republic of Argentina. Adopted on 30 August by a conference of plenipotentiaries which met in and reconvened in in pursuance of General Assembly resolution .
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There are exceptions to this rule in the convention, which is one of the shortfalls of the treaty.
Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness
In accordance with the provisions of article 17 1 of the Convention, the Republic of Colombia makes a reservation to article 14 to the effect that it does not recognize the jurisdiction of the International Court of Justice with regard to the disputes that may arise between Contracting States concerning the interpretation or application of the Convention.
This objection does not preclude the entry into force convntion the Convention between the Republic of Tunisia and Finland.
Tools API – Real-time data stream to power next-generation apps. This is another area where the convention contains certain gaps in terms of preventing statelessness: For example, in Australian nationality lawa child born in the country acquires citizenship if any parent is a citizen. If he engages, for the benefit of a foreign State, in acts which are incompatible with his status as a Tunisian national and which are prejudicial to Tunisia’s interests.
Brazil 7 10 December Declaration: Statelessness under International Lawp. Also, the General Assembly of the Organization of American States adopted, on 5 Junea new pronouncement, in similar terms, on the question. Declaration on the local nature of the authorities of Gibraltar: This objection does not preclude the entry into force of the Convention between the Federal Republic of Germany and the Republic of Tunisia. This article needs additional citations for verification.
The Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness is of critical importance today as statelessness persists in some protracted situations and continues to arise in others. So why should we care about the convention when so few states have signed on? Today the Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness turns If he is convicted of evading his obligations under the law regarding recruitment into the armed forces. It statelessnses the Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and was the result of over a decade of international negotiations on how to avoid the incidence of statelessness.
ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and ghe since The Convention establishes safeguards against statelessness in several different contexts.
In thr ways, yes. The bottom line is that while a state has a lot of discretion when it comes to determining who its nationals are, it has statekessness obligation to ensure that a child born on its territory acquires its nationality if the child would otherwise be stateless.
In they were honored by governments in 52 countries and were the first refugee travel documents. How to submit content.
Why the Convention on Statelessness Matters | European Network on Statelessness
While states can certainly employ their own safeguards against statelessness—and many do—more accessions to the convention would mean that more states apply the same kind of safeguards.
By adopting the Convention safe- guards that prevent statelessness, States contribute to the reduction of statelessness over time. The convention requires that any treaty which provides for transfer of territory shall include provisions to prevent statelessness. It is in the common interest of States that treaties to which they have chosen to become parties are respected as to their object and purpose by all parties, and that States are prepared to undertake any legislative changes necessary to comply with their obligations under the treaties.
The Republic of Tunisia declares that, in accordance with article 8, paragraph 3, of the [Convention]it retains the right to deprive a person of Tunisian nationality in the following circumstances as provided for in its existing national law: The Convention thus becomes operative between Norway and Tunisia without Tunisia benefiting from the said declaration.
Even in States which are not parties, the Convention serves as a yardstick to identify gaps in nationality legislation, and is used by UNHCR as a basis for the technical advice it provides to Governments.
If he occupies a post in the public service of a foreign State or in foreign armed forces and retains it for more than one month after being enjoined by the Government of Tunisia to leave the post, unless it is found that it was impossible for him to do so.
Declarations concerning article 8, paragraph 3 ai and ii: This page was last edited on 12 Novemberat Many are unable to move freely because they lack of identity documents, which also leaves them vulnerable to exploitation and trafficking.
It is thus incompatible with the object and purpose of the Convention. Austria Declarations concerning article 8, paragraph 3 ai and ii: Consequently, the interpretative declaration in question was accepted for deposit upon the above-stipulated one year period, that is on 29 December Brazil 7 Brazil 7 10 December Declaration: Countries in dark green have ratified the convention, countries in light green have only signed the convention.
Why the 1961 Convention on Statelessness Matters
It also prevents automatic loss of nationality unless the person has another nationality or is ob another nationality. Plus, human rights law corrects some of its major flaws—for example, the fact that it permits certain forms of gender discrimination.
Considering the scope of the application of the present Convention, Spain wishes to formulate the following declaration: Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness.
If it is discovered, subsequent to issuance of the naturalization certificate, that the person concerned did not fulfil the conditions required by law allowing him to be naturalized. Spain Spain Declaration on the local nature of the authorities of Gibraltar: And in cases where there is no treaty, states parties who receive new territory have an obligation to grant nationality to anyone who would otherwise become stateless as a consequence of the exchange of territory.
Ensure that all migrants have proof of legal identity and adequate documentation Universal Declaration of Human Rights 20 December Consequently, any involvement by the Gibraltarian authorities in the implementation of this Treaty shall be understood to take place exclusively within the framework of the domestic jurisdiction of Gibraltar and shall not be considered to affect in any way the content of the two preceding paragraphs.
The Argentine Government recalls that the Malvinas Islands, South Georgia Islands and South Sandwich Islands and the surrounding maritime areas are an integral part of the Argentine national territory and, being illegally occupied by the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland, are the subject of a sovereignty dispute between the two countries which is recognized by several international organizations.
The procedure envisaged in the Arrangements relating to Gibraltar authorities in the context of Mixed Agreementswhich was agreed by Spain and the United Kingdom on 19 December and notified to the Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union, applies to this Convention.